Airliner Number 4

Airliner Number 4 ist die Bezeichnung für den Projektentwurf eines großen Flugbootes des US-amerikanischen Bühnenbildners und Produktdesigners Norman Bel Geddes aus den 1920er Jahren.
1927 gab Geddes seine Tätigkeit als Bühnenbildner auf und wandte sich dem Design von Autos, Schiffen und Flugzeugen zu. Kennzeichnend war die aerodynamische Gestaltung seiner Objekte. So entstand 1929 der Entwurf für ein Transatlantikflugzeug, den er für das Jahr 1940 als realisierbar ansah. In Geddes Buch Horizons nimmt dieses Flugzeug ein Kapitel ein. Der Entwurf wurde jedoch nie verwirklicht. Finanziert werden sollte das Projekt von Geschäftsleuten aus Chicago, die das Flugzeug zwischen Chicago und London einsetzen wollten. Für die konstruktive Auslegung waren neun Decks, ein Orchestersaal, eine Sporthalle, ein Solarium sowie zwei kleine Hangars für Wasserflugzeuge vorgesehen. Zusammen mit 606 Passagieren sollten 155 Crew-Mitglieder transportiert werden.
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Treaty of Orihuela

Treaty of Orihuela (also known as the Treaty of Tudmir/Theodemir) was an early Dhimmi treaty imposed by the invading Moors on the Christians in the city of Orihuela in the Iberian Peninsula in 713 AD.

The Treaty of Tudmir was a pact made between ‘Abd al-‘Aziz (son of Musa bin Nusair, governor of North Africa) and the Christian Visigoth Theodemir, Tudmir in Arabic (prince and governor of the region of Murcia in the Iberian Peninsula) in the early eighth century. This accord was created in 713 C. E., two years after the Islamic conquest of Spain began; it bears special significance with regard to the Muslims’ diplomatic behavior and their treatment of enemies and conquered peoples. It suggests the Muslims succeeded in a peaceful take-over of southern Spain, specifically Orihuela, Villena, Alicante, Mula, Bigastro, Ello, and Lorca. The agreement stated that the Murcians could keep control and continue to practice their Christian faith but only if they paid the taxes and did not aid Muslim enemies. Although the Treaty of Tudmir itself may not seem to have been particularly noteworthy in its own context, and despite the fact that literature which is germane specifically to the Treaty is somewhat rare, it should be considered important in retrospect due to its cultural, religious, and sociological implications. To better understand these implications, it is important to review an initial course of the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula.
Islamic control spread greatly under the Umayyad caliphate. It had reached all the way to Western Africa in Maghrib where the Berbers lived. These peoples fought hard and mostly retreated to the mountains while some clans from the main routes and plains of the coast submitted as dhimmis too or converted to Islam and at any case were promptly joined by the Arabs to their military machine. With their superior military arms and skills the caliphs were able to extend their control into Spain.
The first notable Islamic conqueror to enter Spain was the Berber commander Tariq ibn Ziyad. Musá ibn Nusayr was the governor of Northern Africa under the caliph of that period, and it was he who ordered Tariq to make the initial surge into Spain via Gibraltar in spring of the year 711. Once in Gibraltar, Tariq took time to secure a base of operations for his forces and fortified it with a wall, among other defenses. As soon as this was accomplished, Tariq sent an invasion force to the city of Carteya (or Cartaja) and the district of Algeciras, and both were promptly subdued. In little more than two months, Tariq had worked his way steadily through the south of Spain; he began his plunge into central Spain in a battle with the Visigothic King Roderic at Wadi Bakkah

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. Here, Tariq defeated the army of Roderick against reportedly overwhelming odds. Tariq moved thence to the cities of Écija and Córdoba, effectively ignoring commands he had previously received from Musá to return to Africa or to remain stationary until the governor’s arrival in Spain. After attacking and overpowering these cities, Tariq moved on with relative ease as far as Guadalajara, Spain. He quickly took control of Toledo and its surrounding territories before lack of reinforcements from Musá necessitated his withdrawal, whereupon he retreated to Toledo and remained there until Musá himself came to meet him with scorn and jealousy, demanding the spoils of the conquest.
Shortly after Musá arrived in Toledo, the Caliph al-Walid ordered him and Tariq to appear in the royal court in Damascus to speak of their campaign in Spain. Upon Musá’s departure for Damascus, he abdicated his authority over the conquered regions to his son ‘Abd al-‘Aziz, who carried on his father’s and Tariq’s work. It was ‘Abd al-‘Aziz who eventually reached the region of Murcia in his conquests, where he encountered and signed a treaty with the above mentioned Visigothic lord of the region, Theodemir. It was this treaty that became known as the Treaty of Tudmir, and the land of Murcia thereafter was known also as Tudmir.
Muslim general in North Africa who led the conquest of Spain. He was known for his great leadership and warrior skills. His origins are slightly unknown but he may have been a freedman linked to the Yemenite tribe and is suggested that his father was a commander of the caliph’s bodyguard. He supported the Caisites against Merwan. After being accused of mistrust, he fled to Egypt and found refuge from its governor ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan, and he changed his support in favor of the reigning caliphs. He became governor of Northern Africa in 698 and quickly extended his control all the way to Maghrib in West Africa, where he took control of the Berbers and integrated them into the Muslim army. September 714 brought an end to the Spanish conquests and the end of Musá’s career. He headed to Damascus with much of the spoils and captives but the caliph al-Walid viewed him with suspicion. Musá died penniless sometime around 716.
A Berber commander in the Muslim army under Musá ibn Nusayr, he led the conquest into Spain in 711 with about 7,000 soldiers. Where he landed has since been named after him: Gibraltar, or “Jabal Tariq”, which in Arabic means “Mount of Tariq”. He swept through much of southern Spain and conquered the capital of Toledo. It is also said he acquired the bejeweled “table of Solomon” in Alcala de Henares.
Son of Musá. He was sent on two operations in Spain: one to the west towards Huelva and the other to the east where he initiated the Treaty of Tudmir in Murcia.
Umayyad Caliph at the time of the initial conquests in the Iberian Peninsula who was influential in the events that led to the development of the Treaty of Tudmir Maje Outlet Sale. Al-Walid was the son of ‘Abd al-Malik, and his reign was a highly prosperous one. Marked by extravagant building projects and restorations in the new capital of Damascus, the administration of al-Walid was very wealthy, though this affluence was owed in great part to the prudent management of his father from whom he inherited the Caliphate. It was under the rule of al-Walid that the realms of Carthage and the Maghrib in Northern Africa were finally subdued. Musá ibn Nusayr was made governor of the provinces of that region under the order of al-Walid, and from this point, the focus of expansion was set on the Iberian Peninsula. After the conquest of Spain, the spoils of the campaign were handed over to al-Walid, and all three figures gradually faded from notoriety, but it was under the mandate of al-Walid that ‘Abd al-‘Aziz made the Treaty of Tudmir with Theodemir.
Christian Visigoth prince of Murcia. The Treaty of Tudmir was made between Theodemir and ‘Abd al-‘Aziz.
“In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate. This is a document [granted] by ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Musá ibn Nusair to Tudmir, son of Ghabdush, establishing a treaty of peace and the promise and protection of God and his Prophet) may God bless him and grant him peace). We [‘Abd al-‘Aziz] will not set special conditions for him or for any among his men, nor harass him, nor remove him from power. His followers will not be killed or taken prisoner, nor will they be separated from their women and children. They will not be coerced in matters of religion, their churches will not be burned, nor will sacred objects be taken from the realm, [so long as] he [Tudmir] remains sincere and fulfills the [following] conditions that we have set for him. He has reached a settlement concerning seven towns: Orihuela, Villena, Alicante, Mula, Bigastro, Ello, and Lorca. He will not give shelter to fugitives, nor to our enemies, nor encourage any protected person to fear us, nor conceal news of our enemies. He and [each of] his men shall [also] pay one dinar every year, together with four measures of wheat, four measures of barley, four liquid measures of concentrated fruit juice, four liquid meastures of vinegar, four of honey, and four of olive oil. Slaves must each pay half of this amount. {Names of four witnesses follow, and the document is dated from the Muslim month of Rajab, in the year 94 of the Hijra (April 713).}”

Sebastien Gardoni

Sebastien Gardoni (* 28. Mai 1972) ist ein ehemaliger französischer Bogenbiathlet.
Sebastien Gardoni hatte seinen internationalen Durchbruch bei den Bogenbiathlon-Europameisterschaften 2000 in Pokljuka. Im Einzel gewann er hinter Fabrizio Salvadori und vor Andrej Zupan, im darauf basierenden Verfolgungsrennen hinter Andrej Zupan und vor Alberto Peracino die Silbermedaillen. Ebenfalls erfolgreich verliefen die ebenfalls in Pokljuka ausgetragenen Europameisterschaften 2001. Gardoni gewann als Schlu0ssläufer an der Seite von Julien Storti, Emmanuel Jeannerod und Patrice Chapuis im Staffelrennen vor Russland und Italien den Titel. Auch bei den Bogenbiathlon-Weltmeisterschaften 2001 konnte Gardoni in Kubalonka mit Storti, Hugo Loewert und Jeannerod erneut als Schlussläufer eingesetzt hinter Russland und Italien Staffel-Bronze gewinnen. Im Massenstartrennen wurde er Zehnter. Diesen Erfolg wiederholte er bei den Bogenbiathlon-Weltmeisterschaften 2002 in Pokljuka Adidas Fußball Jerseys geben Verschiffen frei 2016, wo er Staffelbronze mit Guilhem Motte, Sebastien Gachet und Hugo Loewert wiederum in der Position des Schlussläufers erreichen konnte. Im Massenstartrennen wurde er Sechster. Weniger Erfolg hatte Gardoni bei den Bogenbiathlon-Weltmeisterschaften 2004 in Pokljuka. Im Sprint wurde der Franzose Elfter, im Verfolgungsrennen Neunter sowie im Massenstart Sechster. Mit Gachet, Motte und Loewert verpasste er auf Rang fünf mit der Staffel eine Medaille.

Catcha Group

Catcha Group is an international investment group founded by entrepreneur Patrick Grove. The Group controls a number of publicly listed and private media, new media

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Since inception

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, Catcha Group has completed a number of landmark transactions with a total of four IPOs in six years, including the 2007 listing of iProperty Group on the Australian Securities Exchange, REV Asia Berhad (previously Catcha Media Berhad) on Bursa Malaysia in 2011, and the subsequent IPOs of iCar Asia in 2012 and Ensogo (previously iBuy Group) in 2013, both on the Australian Securities Exchange.
Investors in Catcha Group companies include News Corporation, REA Group, Star Media Group (Malaysia), Intel Capital, Carsales.com Limited, Australian Foundation Investment Company, BlackRock, Goldman Sachs, Credit Suisse, and Fidelity Funds Management.

The company’s portfolio of investments in which it is the major shareholder include:
Group CEO Patrick Grove has described Catcha Group as being akin to a venture equity firm rather than a traditional investment group. He describes it thus: “Not only do we start companies, we also invest in them and we drive them … We call it venture equity.”
Focusing on investments within the online sector, Catcha Group’s strategy is to look at what works in the West and bring it to the East. In an interview with e27.co, Catcha Group’s Group CEO Patrick Grove has said “We like to bet on ideas where the concept is already proven. Our only risk is execution risk, we don’t like to bet on idea risk.”
Part of Catcha Group’s investment strategy is to grow the Group and it business through acquisition. Speaking in an interview with BRW, Patrick Grove was quoted as saying: “In an industry that moves so fast, the way to get market share fast is to acquire rather than start from scratch.” Targeting opportunities in emerging markets, Catcha Group is especially bullish on Southeast Asia.
In March 2013, Japan’s OPT Inc announced that it had acquired a 90% stake in CDA, a leading online advertising networks with offices in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.
In July 2013, Catcha Group announced it had acquired an undisclosed stake in Dubai-based Middle East property portal group, Propertyfinder.ae.
In May 2014, Catcha Group invested in Frontier Digital Ventures, a digital investment firm focusing on online classifieds in frontier and emerging markets.

Cabilly patents

The Cabilly patents are two US patents issued to Genentech and City of Hope which relate to the “fundamental technology required for the artificial synthesis of antibody molecules.” The name refers to lead inventor Shmuel Cabilly, who was awarded the patent while working at City of Hope in the 1980s

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. There was ongoing legal controversy surrounding these patents since their original filing in 1983. In 2008, the litigation that was pending before the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California Sandro Botticelli, was fully resolved and dismissed

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An interference between U.S. Patent 4,816,567 (the original “Cabilly patent”) co-issued to Genentech and City of Hope U.S. Patent 4,816,397 and (the “Boss” patent) issued to Celltech resulted in the issuance of a second “Cabilly patent” to Genentech in 2001. This new patent would extend into 2018, an effective term of 29 years.
A lawsuit filed by MedImmune, a licensee of the Cabilly patent, resulted in the United States Supreme Court case MedImmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc. which was decided in favor of MedImmune. Following the supreme court decision, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) declared Genentech’s patent invalid, but Genentech appealed that decision to the USPTO. The patent remained valid and enforceable until the process was completed. Genentech’s “Cabilly II” patent 6,331,415 was then found, after USPTO reexamination, to be enforceable. MedImmune and Centocor have settled with Genentech (1). Currently, two other challenges are in the courts. GlaxoSmithKline and Human Genome Sciences both are challenging the patent under antitrust law (1). This is based on the settlement between Genentech and Celltech and their dispute over the original Cabilly patent 4,816,567 and the Celltech’s patent 4,816,397.
An important implication of this case is the affirmation that a licensee retains the right to challenge a licensed patent. The controversy has also called attention to the amount of time the USPTO takes to resolve Interference proceedings, and has been cited in arguments for changing to a First to file patent system.
1) http://www.biolawgics.com/patent-law/the-never-ending-battle-over-genentechs-cabilly-ii-patent/ “BioLawGics” September 12, 2011

Dillheim

50.6058333333338.3688888888889200Koordinaten: 50° 36′ 21″ N, 8° 22′ 8″ O
Lage von Dillheim in Ehringshausen
Dillheim ist ein Ortsteil der Gemeinde Ehringshausen im Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Hessen.

Die Ortschaft liegt auf einer Anhöhe oberhalb des Dilltals, am Westrand des Gladenbacher Berglands. Dillheim ist inzwischen mit dem Kernort Ehringshausen, der südöstlich liegt, zusammengewachsen. Den markantesten Punkt bildet der Kirchplatz mit der Evangelischen Pfarrkirche auf einem Felssporn 2016 billige Fußball Nike Strumpf.
Das Dorf wurde erstmals im Jahr 1226 als Dilnheim im Zusammenhang mit der dort befindlichen Pfarrei urkundlich erwähnt. Zum großen Dillheimer Kirchspiel mit zwölf Dörfern gehörte auch das etwa fünf Kilometer entfernt liegende Edingen. Der Ort besaß auch ein Centgericht, das wohl als Gerichtsbezirk etwa die gleiche Ausdehnung wie das Kirchspiel hatte fußballtrikots verkauf 2016.
Dillheim kam schließlich in den Besitz der Grafen von Solms-Greifenstein und gehörte zu deren Amtsbezirk Greifenstein. Zu Beginn des 19 2016 fußball trikots online. Jahrhunderts wurde der Ort preußisch und Teil der Bürgermeisterei zu Aßlar.
Im Rahmen der Gebietsreform in Hessen wurde Dillheim am 31. Dezember 1970 nach Ehringshausen eingegliedert.
siehe Liste der Kulturdenkmäler in Dillheim
Breitenbach | Daubhausen | Dillheim | Dreisbach | Ehringshausen | Greifenthal | Katzenfurt | Kölschhausen | Niederlemp

Megliadino San Vitale

Megliadino San Vitale – miejscowość i gmina we Włoszech, w regionie Wenecja Euganejska

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, w prowincji Padwa.
Według danych na rok 2004 gminę zamieszkują 1934 osoby, 128,9 os

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Abano Terme • Agna • Albignasego • Anguillara Veneta • Arquà Petrarca • Arre • Arzergrande • Bagnoli di Sopra • Baone • Barbona • Battaglia Terme • Boara Pisani • Borgoricco • Bovolenta • Brugine • Cadoneghe • Campo San Martino • Campodarsego • Campodoro • Camposampiero • Candiana • Carceri • Carmignano di Brenta • Cartura • Casale di Scodosia • Casalserugo • Castelbaldo • Cervarese Santa Croce • Cinto Euganeo • Cittadella • Codevigo • Conselve • Correzzola • Curtarolo • Due Carrare • Este • Fontaniva • Galliera Veneta • Galzignano Terme • Gazzo • Grantorto • Granze • Legnaro • Limena • Loreggia • Lozzo Atestino • Maserà di Padova • Masi • Massanzago • Megliadino San Fidenzio • Megliadino San Vitale • Merlara • Mestrino • Monselice • Montagnana • Montegrotto Terme • Noventa Padovana • Ospedaletto Euganeo • Padwa • Pernumia • Piacenza d’Adige • Piazzola sul Brenta • Piombino Dese • Piove di Sacco • Polverara • Ponso • Ponte San Nicolò • Pontelongo • Pozzonovo • Rovolon • Rubano • Saccolongo • Saletto • San Giorgio delle Pertiche • San Giorgio in Bosco • San Martino di Lupari • San Pietro Viminario • San Pietro in Gu • Sant’Angelo di Piove di Sacco • Sant’Elena • Sant’Urbano • Santa Giustina in Colle • Santa Margherita d’Adige • Saonara • Selvazzano Dentro • Solesino • Stanghella • Teolo • Terrassa Padovana • Tombolo • Torreglia • Trebaseleghe • Tribano • Urbana • Veggiano • Vescovana • Vighizzolo d’Este • Vigodarzere • Vigonza • Villa Estense • Villa del Conte • Villafranca Padovana • Villanova di Camposampiero • Vo

Heavy Rotation Tour

The Heavy Rotation Tour is the second concert tour by American singer-songwriter Anastacia in support of her fourth studio album Heavy Rotation which was released in 2008

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. The tour visited Europe.

The tour was briefly mentioned in November 2008 by Anastacia. During an online chat session with fans, she stated, “There will be a tour but I’ve still not decided when. It’s looking like it will be mid-to-end of 2009. [ hermes tassen outlet…] All I can confirm is that it will be a global tour. I’ll come to Asia and Australia first, then I’ll do a big stint in Europe and then America.”. A month later, fan footage of Anastacia leaving a hotel in Switzerland was posted on YouTube. When fans asked about the touring Zurich prada schoenen 2016, Anastacia replied, “We don’t have Zurich on the map yet. […] I know one of the territories close to you is Geneva […] I’m not even going to Rome on this one. That doesn’t mean I don’t want to come that just how they’re doing the routing.” The tour was confirmed via Anastacia’s official website on February 27, 2009.
Keely Myers and Chris Vaughan of The Production Office (TPO) were responsible for the Technical Production of the tour. TPO have produced many rock and pop tours including Muse, Take That and Children in Need Rocks Royal Albert Hall to name a few. The creative director and producer of the Heavy Rotation Tour is Kim Gavin, who also worked with 2007/2008 Viva La Diva Tour with Darcey Bussell and Katherine Jenkins as well as for Take That and the Concert for Diana. Live Nation has been listed as the tour promoter. The tour venues are smaller compared to the ones where Anastacia performed during her first concert tour, but she said that she wanted to create a more intimate show for her fans. Tour managed to sell 152,000 tickets for 32 dates.
Anastacia made an appearance on This Morning on May 20, 2009 to promote the tour, where she also described the theme of the show as : “[…] a full day in the life…” because of the fact that many of her songs are “very storytelling” as well as “[…] a little bit Midler, a lot of theatre action going on, but video as well”. On May 22, 2009 Anastacia announced on her official blog that her mother will also be appearing with her on stage (between July 9 and July 19) during the shows in Italy, Graz, Prague and Girona.
Saint Petersburg / Verona
1 Was not performed at selected dates
Cancelled Dates:
^ A This concert is a part of Live at the Marquee ^ B This concert is a part of the Face to Face Tour by Elton John ^ C This concert is a part of the Lucca Summer Festival ^ D This concert is an entertainment part of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum event. Anastacia is announced as a special guest with Duran Duran as the main act. ^ E This concert is part of the Los Veranos de la Villa festival. ^ F This concert is part of the Feria de Julio festival. ^ G This concert is part of the Jardins de Cap Roig festival.
Anastacia’s tour generated positive reviews:

Sinus versus und Kosinus versus

Sinus versus (auch Versinus oder Versus, in Formeln abgekürzt ) und der Kosinus versus (auch Koversinus, in Formeln abgekürzt ) sind in der Trigonometrie heute selten verwendete trigonometrische Funktionen. Semiversus (englisch Haversine Puma Fußballschuhe auf Verkauf 2016, in Formeln abgekürzt ) ist der halbe Sinus versus.

Der Sinus versus, in nebenstehender Abbildung in der Farbe Grün eingezeichnet, wird mit Hilfe der Sinus- oder Kosinusfunktion definiert als
Der Sinus versus kann auf die ganze komplexe Zahlenebene ausgeweitet werden 2016 fußball trikots online.
Der Semiversus ist die Hälfte des Sinus versus:
Der Kosinus versus, in nebenstehender Abbildung in der Farbe Türkis und aus Platzgründen mit cvs bezeichnet, ist der Sinus versus des Gegenarguments:
In folgender Tabelle sind die Funktionen Sinus versus und Kosinus versus zusammen mit einigen verwandten trigonometrischen Funktionen und dem grafischen Funktionsverlauf zusammengefasst:
Die Ableitungen und die Stammfunktionen sind:
Der Seiten-Kosinussatz der sphärischen Trigonometrie spielte für die nautische Navigation nach den Sternen in früherer Zeit eine wichtige Rolle. Um die dabei erforderlichen Multiplikationen trigonometrischer Funktionen durch das Nachschlagen von Tabellenwerten zu vereinfachen nike footaball Strumpf und Kappe Auslass, wurde der Semiversus eingeführt.
Es ergibt sich daraus unter anderem damit der Seiten-Kosinussatz zu:

Needham, Massachusetts

Needham is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. A suburb of Boston, its population was 28,886 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, an engineering school.

Needham was first settled in 1680 with the purchase of a tract of land measuring 4 miles (6.4 km) by 5 miles (8.0 km) from Chief Nehoiden for the sum of 10 pounds, 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land, and 40 shillings worth of corn

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. It was officially incorporated in 1711. Originally part of the Dedham Grant, Needham split from Dedham and was named after the village of Needham Market in Suffolk, England, a neighbor of the English town of Dedham. By the 1770s settlers in the western part of the town who had to travel a long distance to the meeting house on what is now Central Avenue sought to form a second parish in the town. Opposition to this desire created conflict, and in 1774 a mysterious fire destroyed the extant meeting house. Some time afterwards the West Parish was formed.
In 1857 the City of Boston began a project to fill in the Back Bay with landfill by filling the tidewater flats of the Charles River. The fill to reclaim the bay from the water was obtained from Needham, Massachusetts from the area of present-day Route 128. The firm of Goss and Munson, railroad contractors, built 6 miles (9.7 km) of railroad from Needham and their 35-car trains made 16 trips a day to Back Bay. The filling of present-day Back Bay was completed by 1882; filling reached Kenmore Square in 1890, and finished in the Fens in 1900. The project was the largest of a number of land reclamation projects, beginning in 1820, which, over the course of time, more than doubled the size of the original Boston peninsula.
In 1865, William Carter established a knitting mill company in Needham Heights that would eventually become a major manufacturer and leading brand of children’s apparel in the United States. The site of Mill #1 currently houses the Avery Manor assisted living center, while Mill #2 stood along the shores of Rosemary Lake. By the 1960s, the company owned seven mills in Massachusetts and the south. The Carter family sold the business in 1990, after which Carter’s, Inc. moved its headquarters to Atlanta, Georgia.
In the late 1860s William Emerson Baker moved to Needham. A notably wealthy man due to his having improved the mechanical sewing machine, Baker assembled a parcel of land exceeding 800 acres (3.2 km2) and named it Ridge Hill Farm. He built two man made lakes on his property, including Sabrina lake near present-day Locust Lane. Baker turned part of his property into an amusement park with exotic animals, subterranean tunnels, trick floors and mirrors. In 1888 he built a sizable hotel, near the intersection of present-day Whitman Road and Charles River Street, called the Hotel Wellesley which had a capacity of over 300 guests. The hotel burned to the ground on December 19, 1891.
In 1891, George Walker, Boston owner of a lithograph company, and Gustavos Gordon, scientist, formed Walker-Gordon Laboratories to develop processes for the prevention of contamination of milk and to answer the call by enlightened physicians for better babies’ milk formulas. This plant was located in the Charles River Village section of Needham with another large facility in New Jersey. The scientific dairy production facilities of the Walker-Gordon Dairy Farm were widely advertised and utilized modern advancements in the handling of milk products.
In 1881 the West Parish was separately incorporated as the town of Wellesley. The following year, Needham and Wellesley high schools began playing an annual football game on Thanksgiving, now the second-longest running high school football rivalry in the United States (and longest such contest on Thanksgiving). Also the longest running public high school rivalry. In 2013 Wellesley broke a 3-year Thanksgiving game losing streak to the Needham Rockets, defeating them 22-6. The Wellesley Raiders now hold a 60-57-9 advantage in the historic rivalry.
With the loss of the West Parish to Wellesley, the town lost its town hall and plans to build a new one began in 1902 with the selection of a building committee. The cornerstone was laid by the Grand Lodge of Masons on September 2, 1902 and the building was dedicated on December 22, 1903. The total cost for the hall was $57,500 including furnishings. Because it was located on the town common, the cost did not include land as none was purchased. In 2011, the town hall was extensively refurbished and expanded. In the process, the second-floor meeting hall was restored to its original function and beauty.
Needham’s population grew by over 50 percent during the 1930s.
In 2005, Needham became the first city in the United States to raise the age to legally buy tobacco products to 21.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.7 square miles (32.9 km²), of which 12.6 square miles (32.7 km²) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) is water.
Needham’s area is roughly in the shape of an acute, northward-pointing triangle. The Charles River forms nearly all of the southern and northeastern boundaries, the town line with Wellesley forming the third, northwestern one. In addition to Wellesley on the northwest, Needham borders Newton and the West Roxbury section of Boston on the northeast, and Dover, Westwood, and Dedham on the south. The majority of Cutler Park is in Needham and is located along the Charles River and the border with Newton and West Roxbury. Needham is elevated at sea level, but is a very hilly town.
As of the census of 2010, there were 28,886 people, 10,341 households, and 7,792 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,292.7 people per square mile (885.2/km²). There were 10,846 housing units at an average density of 860.1 per square mile (332.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.3% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
In the 2010 census, nearly 65% of Needham residents are religious, with the remainder identifying as unaffiliated. Catholics made up 53%, Jews 3%, Presbyterians 2%, Episcopalians 2%, other Christians 1.5%, Baptists nearly 1%, Muslims nearly 1%, Methodists .5%, Pentecostals nearly .5%, Lutherans nearly .5%, and Orthodox and Mormons less than 1%.
There were 10,341 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 6.9% have a female householder with no husband present and 26.7% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the town the population was laid out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $116,867, and the median income for a family was $144,042. Males had a median income of $76,459 versus $47 2016 discount sandro clothing,092 for females. The per capita income for the town was $56,776. About 1.6% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.
Needham uses the old style town government, with a representative town meeting. Also, the populace of Needham elects a Board of Selectmen, which is essentially the executive branch of the town government.
Needham is primarily a bedroom community and commuter suburban district located outside of Boston.
The northern side of town beyond the I-95/Route 128 beltway, however, was developed for light industry shortly after World War I, such as the Coca-Cola plant. Some of this industry remains: Needham has been home to a Coca-Cola bottling plant since 1986. Trader Joe’s also operates a packing plant in Needham. More recently, Needham has begun to attract high technology and Internet firms, such as PTC and Trip Advisor, to this part of town.
The Town of Needham operates one high school, Needham High School

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, which underwent a $62-million renovation that was completed in 2009, two middle schools, William F. Pollard Middle School, for seventh and eighth grade, and High Rock School, for sixth grade only, and five elementary schools for grades K-5, which are John Eliot Elementary School, Hillside Elementary School, William Mitchell Elementary School, Newman Elementary School and Broadmeadow Elementary School. Needham is also home to private schools such as St. Joseph’s Elementary School, St. Sebastian’s School, and Monsignor Haddad Middle School.
Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering is located in Needham.
The I-95/Route 128 circumferential highway that circles Boston passes through Needham, with three exits providing access to the town. Massachusetts Route 135 also passes through the town.
Commuter rail service from Boston’s South Station is provided by the MBTA with four stops in Needham on its Needham Line: Needham Heights, Needham Center, Needham Junction and Hersey.
Needham is part of the Greater Boston media market.
In addition to the Boston Globe (and its Your Town Needham website) and Boston Herald newspapers, there are two local weekly newspapers, the Needham Times (published by Gatehouse Media, Inc.) and Needham Hometown Weekly (published by Hometown Publications, LLC), and a website owned by AOL called Needham Patch.
The studios of television stations WCVB (5 Boston, ABC) and WUNI (27 Worcester, Univision) are located in Needham, as are the transmitters of WCVB, WBZ-TV (4 Boston, CBS), WGBH-TV (2 Boston, PBS), WGBX-TV (44 Boston, PBS), WFXT (25 Boston, Fox), WSBK (38 Boston, independent), WLVI (56 Cambridge, CW), and WYDN (48 Worcester, Daystar Television). The television towers are also the sites of many area FM stations’ transmitters.
The Needham Channel provides Public-access television to cable TV subscribers in Needham. PEG Public, educational, and government access programming is produced and delivered through three channels – a community channel, a municipal channel and an educational channel. The three channels are available on the channel lineups of each of the three franchised cable TV providers provided – Comcast RCN and Verizon. Selected content is also available for streaming through The Needham Channel’s web site.
Programming on The Needham Channel includes:
Boston radio station WEEI (850 AM) transmits from a three-tower site south of the town recycling transfer station. Needham has one radio station studio location, that of Concord-licensed 1120 WBNW located at 144 Gould Street.